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      “Water, honey and electrons - evidence for electronic hydrodynamics

                        in naturally occurring materials”





  Thursday, 03. Nov 2016

    Video-Recording for any system with MP4-support


       -   Video.mp4  (ca.418 Mb)


 15:15 – 16:15


Speaker: Andy Mackenzie  (Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Dresden

                                         & School of Physics & Astronomy, University of St Andrews)


Abstract :

Electrical transport in solids is almost always analysed using an approximation in which

all scattering is assumed to relax the momentum of the electrons.  Although this can be

justified in the vast majority of cases, because the electrons are moving in a lattice to which

momentum is efficiently transferred, recent measurements by several groups give evidence

that it is not always true.  In ultra-pure systems with extremely long mean free paths, the

momentum-conserving collisions that are ignored in standard theory can become more rapid

than the momentum-relaxing ones.  In this limit, the electronic flow moves into a hydrodynamic

regime in which the electron fluid’s viscosity dominates the resistance measured in flow

through constrained channels.  Although not very well known by people working on bulk

materials, the study of such effects goes back over fifty years in the theoretical literature and

over twenty years in experiments on high purity two-dimensional electron gases.

I will try to review the history of the field, then describe new experiments on PdCoO2 and

graphene, and finally make some comments about extending the investigation to other systems.


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