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“Quantum supremacy using a programmable superconducting processor"
Thursday, 16 Jan. 2020
Video-Recording for any system with MP4-support
- Video.mp4 (ca.714 Mb)
15:15 – 16:50
(John Martinis from Google)
The promise of quantum computers is that certain computational tasks might be
executed exponentially faster on a quantum processor than on a classical processor.
A fundamental challenge is to build a high-fidelity processor capable of running
quantum algorithms in an exponentially large computational space.
Here we report the use of a processor with programmable superconducting qubits
to create quantum states on 53 qubits, corresponding to a computational state-space
of dimension 2^53 (about 10^16). Measurements from repeated experiments sample
the resulting probability distribution, which we verify using classical simulations.
Our Sycamore processor takes about 200 seconds to sample one instance of a
quantum circuit a million times—our benchmarks currently indicate that the
equivalent task for a state-of-the-art classical supercomputer would take
approximately 10,000 years. This dramatic increase in speed compared to all known
classical algorithms is an experimental realization of quantum supremacy for this
specific computational task, heralding a much-anticipated computing paradigm.
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